In wine tasting, a wine is considered "clear" when there are no visible particles suspended in the liquid and, especially in the case of white wines, when there is some degree of transparency. A wine with too much suspended matter will appear cloudy and dull, even if its aroma and flavor are unaffected; wines therefore generally undergo some kind of clarification.
Before fermentation, pectin-splitting enzymes and, for white wine, fining agents such as bentonite may be added to the must in order to promote the agglomeration and settling of colloids later. Pectins are structural molecules in the cell walls of fruits which have the important function of 'gumming' plant cells together. The pectin content of grapes increases steadily throughout ripening, reaching levels of about 1 g/l, although it varies by varietal and pre-fermentation handling processes. Large pectin molecules can affect the amount of juice yielded at pressing, ease of filtration and clarification, and extraction of tannins. Grapes contain natural pectolytic enzymes responsible for softening the grape berries during ripening, but these are not active under wine-making conditions (due to pH level, SO2, and alcohol.) Therefore, fungal pectolytic enzymes are often added to white must to break up pectins, decrease the viscosity of the juice, and speed up settling. In red musts, this increases color and tannin extraction.
Observational studies of ecosystems use constancy to describe living systems that can remain unchanged.
Resistance and inertia (persistence)
Resistance and inertia deal with a system's inherent response to some perturbation.
A perturbation is any externally imposed change in conditions, usually happening in a short time period. Resistance is a measure of how little the variable of interest changes in response to external pressures. Inertia (or persistence) implies that the living system is able to resist external fluctuations. In the context of changing ecosystems in post-glacial North America, E.C. Pielou remarked at the outset of her overview,
The apex bank noted that henceforth, all existing customer accounts or wallets for individuals with validated BVN shall be profiled in the NIBSS ... The central bank said the development was part of its effort in promoting financial system stability by strengthening the Know Your Customer (KYC) procedures in financial institutions under its purview.
Enhancements along the Wabash River banks in Terre Haute and Vigo County are in the same situation ... Seawalls secure the banks of a waterway ... Owensboro $40 million in federal transportation funds to stabilize its Ohio River bank and revitalize its Smothers Park, the Owensboro Messenger-Inquirer reported in 2016.
A number of major Chinese commercial banks have voiced support in recent meetings for the reasonable financing needs of real estate enterprises, which is a positive signal for the further stabilization of the housing market, officials and experts said on Thursday.
Referring to last week’s volatility, it is lower than the numbers it achieved last year (9.85%), so we can say that it is going through a period of greater stability recently ...Despite the potential negative externalities, analysts highlight the importance of this Spending and fiscal policies In order to stabilize the economy.
The DepositProtectionCorporation (DPC), a subsidiary of the StateBank of Pakistan (SBP), has initiated reimbursements to depositors of the defunct SME Bank, aiming to protect depositor interests and maintain financial system stability, DPC's annual report showed on Friday.
The bank has increased its policy ... Recent dollar weakness, and a stabilization of US interest rates have also reopened a window for some Turkish corporates, banks, as well as the sovereign, to issue external commercial debt."
"The central bank must carry out a comprehensive evaluation of the results of credit granting for the entire economy to apply timely and efficient measures that are feasible and will ensure adequate capital for the economy's safety and the stability of the banking system," said the PM.
KYIV, Dec 1 (Reuters) - Ukraine's central bank will remove limits on banks' sale of foreign cash currency and soften several other restrictions from Friday, Governor Andriy Pyshnyi said ... The central bank chief also announced the loosening of restrictions for Ukrainians to send money abroad for healthcare and education purposes.
Collateral, in the form of yielding assets like Treasury Bills, can be securely held with the banking partner, adding an extra layer of stability to the arrangement ... Our team, of crypto natives and traditional finance professionals, has been exploring a banking triparty agreement for more than a year to address their concern.
Banks Stocks vs ...Major US banks, according to Moody’s, are grappling with over $650 billion in unrealized losses ... While the FDIC assures that banks remain well-capitalized, concerns arise as the utilization of the Fed’s emergency funding facility hits a record high of $114 billion, prompting questions about the stability of the banking sector.
Commercial property companies ramped up borrowing when rates were low and some are now struggling to pay off or roll-over debt after eight interest rate hikes by the central bank ... Swedish banks are among the best capitalised in Europe, but ... Around 64% of bank lending is related to property, which includes household mortgages, Moody's said.
Traditional banking methods are evolving into digital platforms, enhancing accessibility and convenience. This shift is reshaping not just how we bank but also how we manage our financial health ... Regulation is a crucial aspect of the financial landscape, affecting both traditional banking and digital financial services.